Performance medicine is a complex field of medicine aiming to optimise function to reach higher levels of well-being and performance. The aims of Performance medicine are to increase the bodies ability to resist, postpone or prevent disease and/or injury, and maximise human performance in terms of adaptive capacity, endurance and physical fitness. Performance medicine physicians aim to measure the capacity and interaction of the bodies functional systems over time and to modify exposure to environmental factors in such a way that an individuals health is optimised by operating at the “sweet spot” where both performance and longevity are maximimised. This is achieved through an increased adaptive capacity, which is the bodies ability to turn stressors into growth opportunities.
Sports & exercise medicine (SEM) is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise, specializing in the treatment of athletes and other physically active individuals. SEM doctors specialise in preventing and treating musculoskeletal injuries such as muscle, ligament, tendon, joint and bone problems, but may also treat chronic illnesses that can affect physical performance, such as asthma and diabetes. Common sports injuries are knee and shoulder injuries, fractures, ankle sprains, concussions, cartilage injuries, and more. A sports medicine specialist can also be seen for advice in other areas of health, like nutrition, exercise, supplements, and how to prevent injuries before they occur. A sports medicine specialist works to help make the performance of the athlete more advanced, as well as ensuring their safety while performing the activity.